Emerging Trends Class 11 Questions and Answers

Teachers and Examiners (CBSESkillEduction) collaborated to create the Emerging Trends Class 11 Questions and Answers. All the important Information are taken from the NCERT Textbook Computer Science (083) class 11.

Emerging Trends Class 11 Questions and Answers

1. List some of the cloud-based services that you are using at present.
Answer – Some of the cloud based services are
a. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) – The IaaS providers can offer different kinds of computing infrastructure because of its speed of deployment, example Amazon Web Services, Google Compute Engine and Microsoft Azure.

b. Platform as a Service (PaaS) – The facility provided by the cloud, where a user can install and execute an application without worrying about the underlying infrastructure and their setup. example, Database Server, Web Server, Programming language execution environment.

c. Software as a Service (SaaS) – SaaS provides on-demand access to application software, usually requiring a licensing or subscription by the user. example, Google Doc, Microsoft Office 365, Drop Box etc.

Emerging Trends Class 11 Questions and Answers

2. What do you understand by the Internet of Things? List some of its potential applications.
Answer – The ‘Internet of Things’ is a network of devices that have an embedded hardware and software to communicate (connect and exchange data) with other devices on the same network.
Some of the potential applications of IoT are –
a. Smart Door Locks
b. Medical Sensors
c. Smart Mobiles
d. Smart Refrigerators
e. Smartwatches
f. Smart Fire alarms

3. Write short notes on the following:
a) Cloud Computing
b) Big data and its Characteristics
Answer –
a) Cloud Computing – In the field of information technology, cloud computing is a new trend where computer-based services are supplied via the Internet or the cloud and are accessible to the user from any location using any device. The services include hardware (servers), databases, storage, and software.

b) Big data and its Characteristics – Big data is a collection of information from numerous sources, and it is frequently defined by five factors: volume, value, diversity, velocity, and veracity.

Emerging Trends Class 11 Questions and Answers

4. Explain the following along with their applications.
a) Artificial Intelligence
b) Machine Learning
Answer –
a) Artificial Intelligence – Artificial intelligence (AI) is the simulation of human intelligence in devices that have been designed to behave and think like humans. The statement can also be used to refer to any computer that demonstrates characteristics of the human intellect, like learning and problem-solving.

b) Machine Learning – Machine Learning is a subfield of Artificial Intelligence to mimic intelligent human behaviour. Similar to how people approach problem-solving, artificial intelligence systems are employed to carry out complex jobs.

Emerging Trends Class 11 Questions and Answers

5. Differentiate between cloud computing and grid computing with suitable examples.
Answer – Because of cloud computing, the system is always accessible. In order to provide a setting where several computers can work together to complete a task as needed, grid computing refers to a network of the same or various types of computers. Also capable of working alone is each computer.

Example of Cloud computing – Gmail, Dropbox, Facebook, Amazon Web Services etc.
Example of Grid Computing – Online Games, Entertainment Industry, Database, WebLogic Application Servers etc.

6. Justify the following statement:
“Storage of data is cost-effective and time saving in cloud computing.”
Answer – Because the cloud vendor manages everything, using cloud storage is both time and money efficient. We don’t need to spend money on hardware resources, power, or support to manage and store data.

7. What is on-demand service? How it is provided in cloud computing?
Answer – On-demand self-service, customers can purchase, customize, and install apps via cloud service catalogues without the help of a skilled professional. The resources could be kept up by the user’s company or supplied by a cloud service provider.

Emerging Trends Class 11 Questions and Answers

8. Write examples of the following:
a) Government provided cloud computing platform
b) Large scale private cloud service providers and the services they provide
Answer –
a) Government provided cloud computing platform – The Government of India’s cloud computing project seeks to maximize government ICT spending while accelerating the delivery of e-services across the nation. Example, AWS and IBM.

b) Large scale private cloud service providers and the services they provide – An industry leader, Amazon Web Services (AWS) enables businesses all over the world to fully or partially create their digital infrastructure using the cloud.

Emerging Trends Class 11 Questions and Answers

9. A company interested in cloud computing is looking for a provider who offers a set of basic services, such as virtual server provisioning and on demand storage that can be combined into a platform for deploying and running customized applications.
What type of cloud computing model fits these requirements?
a) Platform as a Service
b) Software as a Service
c) Application as a Service
d) Infrastructure as a Service
Answer –
d) Infrastructure as a Service

10. If the government plans to make a smart school by applying IoT concepts, how can each of the following be implemented in order to transform a school into IoT-enabled smart school?
a) e-textbooks
b) Smart boards
c) Online Tests
d) Wifi sensors on classrooms doors
e) Sensors in buses to monitor their location
f) Wearables (watches or smart belts) for attendance monitoring.

Answer –
a) e-textbooks – E-textbooks are available through online libraries or other web services.
b) Smart boards – In the class smart boards can helps to diliver the content to the students and helps to improve teaching learning process
c) Online Tests – IoT should be used to centralize the test and track student progress.
d) WIFI sensors on classrooms doors – Wi-Fi sensors may be used to keep an eye on the kids. These sensors can also record the students’ attendance.
e) Sensors in buses to monitor their location –The school and parents can obtain visibility, control, and safety into the GPS location of the school buses as well as arrival and departure times at each stop along the route.

f) Wearables (watches or smart belts) for attendance monitoring – Utilizing a wearable gadget to take attendance will make it easier to track students’ attendance.

Emerging Trends Class 11 Questions and Answers

11. Five friends plan to try a startup. However, they have a limited budget and limited computer infrastructure. How can they avail the benefits of cloud services to launch their startup?
Answer – They require servers, a huge amount of storage, and sophisticated infrastructure to deploy a number of applications in order to establish their firm. These are accessible through cloud computing infrastructure as a service (IaaS) providers like Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and others.

12. Governments provide various scholarships to students of different classes. Prepare a report on how blockchain technology can be used to promote accountability, transparency and efficiency in distribution of scholarships?
Answer – The blockchain technology is based on the idea of shared, decentralized databases that are replicated across all computers. Therefore, if the government makes this technology available, all scholarship applicants will have access to read the applications of other applicants.

Emerging Trends Class 11 Questions and Answers

13. How are IoT and WoT related?
Answer – Both IoT and WoT can be used to connect to a network and communicate with several devices. They can act as a bridge between other devices, allowing communication through an app, a web service, or any other network-capable device.

14. Match the columns:
You got a reminder to take medication – Smart Health
You got an SMS alert that you forgot to lock the door – Home Automation
You got an SMS alert that parking space is available near your block – Smart Parking
You turned off your LED TV from your wrist watch – Smart Wearable