Employability Skills Class 9

Employability Skills Class 9: The Employability Skills NCERT textbook for Class 9 covers important skills such as communication, self-management, information and communication technology, entrepreneurial and green skills. The curriculum is based on learning outcomes and is designed to align with job roles in various sectors under the National Skill Qualification Framework. The textbook (Employability Skills Class 9) provides a blended learning approach with text-based e-learning lessons. To use these lessons in classrooms, schools need to provide a computer with an internet connection, projector, and sound system. Teachers will guide students to actively participate in class by asking and answering questions and completing exercises and activities.

Employability Skills Class 9

Employability Skills Class 9 – Communication Skills

  • The act of exchanging information, concepts, or messages between people or groups is known as communication.
  • The communication cycle is a model that describes the process of communication.
  • The cycle consists of seven elements: sender, message, encoding, channel, receiver, decoding, and feedback.
  • Communication style refers to the way an individual communicates with others.
  • Assertive, aggressive, passive, and passive-aggressive are the four major communication styles.
  • Verbal communication is the process of communicating through spoken or written language.
  • Non-verbal communication includes body language, facial expressions, tone of voice, and other cues that do not involve the use of words.
  • Perspectives in communication refer to the individual viewpoints and experiences that shape how people communicate.
  • Factors affecting perspectives in communication include visual perception, language, past experiences, prejudices, feelings, and the environment.
  • Factors that can affect communication in the workplace include cultural differences, language barriers, personality differences, work-related stress, and distractions.
  • Basic writing skills include understanding the use of phrases, different types of sentences, parts of a sentence, parts of speech, proper use of articles, and construction of a paragraph.
  • Developing strong writing skills can enhance one’s communication abilities and help them convey their ideas more effectively.

Employability Skills Class 9 – Self Management Skills

  • Self-management refers to an individual’s ability to manage and regulate their own behavior, emotions, and thoughts to achieve their goals effectively.
  • Positive results of self-management include improved productivity, better decision-making skills, increased self-awareness, and the ability to handle stress and challenges effectively.
  • Self-management skills include time management, goal setting, prioritization, organization, and self-discipline.
  • Factors that help in building self-confidence include social support, cultural background, and physical appearance.
  • Self-confidence building tips include identifying and getting rid of negative thoughts, practicing positive self-talk, finding happiness in small things, taking care of personal hygiene and appearance, surrounding oneself with positive people, and setting and achieving achievable goals.

Employability Skills Class 9- ICT Skills

  • ICT, or information and communication technology, is defined as the use of technology for the gathering, processing, and transmission of information.
  • ICT’s role and significance in daily life and the workplace: ICT has integrated seamlessly into both our personal and working lives. It facilitates interaction and connection with others, information access, job automation, increased productivity, and organisational stability.
  • ICT in everyday life (illustrations): ICT applications in everyday life include using smartphones to access the internet, social media to stay in touch with loved ones, email for correspondence, and online banking.
  • ICT tools – Mobile, tab, radio, TV, email, etc.: ICT tools are devices and software that enable the processing, storage, and communication of information. Examples of ICT tools include mobile phones, tablets, radios, televisions, and email.
  • Computer system – Central Processing Unit (CPU), memory, motherboard, storage devices: A computer system is made up of various components, including the Central Processing Unit (CPU), memory, motherboard, and storage devices. The CPU is the brain of the computer that carries out the processing of data.
  • Hardware and software of a computer system: The hardware of a computer system refers to the physical components, such as the CPU, monitor, and keyboard, while the software refers to the programs and applications that run on the system.
  • Role and functions of Random Access Memory (RAM) and Read Only Memory (ROM): RAM is a type of memory that provides temporary storage for data and programs that are currently in use, while ROM is a type of memory that stores data permanently.
  • Role and functions of Central Processing Unit: The Central Processing Unit (CPU) is responsible for processing data and instructions in a computer system. It performs arithmetic and logical operations on data and coordinates the activities of the other components.
  • Procedure for starting and shutting down a computer: To start a computer, press the power button or switch, while to shut down a computer, click on the Start menu, select Shut Down, and then choose the Shut Down or Restart option.
  • Peripherals devices and their uses – mouse, keyboard, scanner, webcam, etc. of a computer system: Peripheral devices are hardware components that connect to a computer system and provide additional functionality, such as a mouse, keyboard, scanner, or webcam.
  • Primary operations on a computer system – input, process, storage, output, communication networking, etc.: The primary operations on a computer system include input, process, storage, output, and communication networking. Input refers to the entering of data and instructions, process involves the manipulation and processing of data, storage involves the saving of data and programs for later use, output refers to the display or output of processed data, and communication networking involves the sharing of data between computers.

Employability Skills Class 9- Entrepreneurial Skills

Types of businesses – service, manufacturing, hybrid
  • Service businesses provide intangible services to customers, such as consulting, healthcare, or education.
  • Manufacturing businesses create tangible products, such as electronics, furniture, or vehicles.
  • Hybrid businesses combine elements of both service and manufacturing, such as a restaurant that provides both food and catering services.
Types of businesses found in our community Business activities around us

The types of businesses found in a community depend on the location, economy, and local demand. Some common types of businesses found in communities include:

  • Retail stores, such as grocery stores, clothing stores, and convenience stores.
  • Restaurants, cafes, and bars, which offer food and drink services to customers.
  • Professional services, such as lawyers, accountants, and consultants.
  • Such as hospitals, clinics, and pharmacists that provide healthcare services.
  • Manufacturing and industrial businesses, which produce goods and products.
  • Banks, credit unions, and trading companies are examples of financial services.
Meaning of entrepreneurship development

The process of encouraging and assisting people or groups to launch and expand their own companies is referred to as entrepreneurship development. To aid businesses in succeeding, this includes offering them tools, instruction, and mentoring. A thriving and innovative business environment that promotes economic growth and employment creation is what entrepreneurship development aims to achieve.

Differentiating traits of business

Several distinct characteristics of entrepreneurship include:

  • Innovation: Entrepreneurs frequently produce brand-new, cutting-edge goods or services that upend markets and open up fresh possibilities.
  • Risk-taking: Entrepreneurs are ready to take chances and launch new businesses despite uncertainty and the possibility of failure.
  • Proactivity: Entrepreneurs are proactive and self-starters who look for and seize chances rather than waiting for them to present themselves.
  • Creativity: Entrepreneurs are innovative problem solvers who come up with creative answers to problems and hurdles.
  • Independence: Self-motivated and independent, company owners take charge of their enterprises and propel them forward.
Role and rewards of entrepreneurship

When it comes to generating economic development and employment, entrepreneurship is essential. Entrepreneurs create new businesses, products, and services that meet the needs and wants of consumers, spurring innovation and competition. The rewards of entrepreneurship can be significant, including financial success, independence, and the satisfaction of creating something new and impactful. However, entrepreneurship also involves significant risk and hard work, and success is not guaranteed.

Employability Skills Class 9- Green Skills

Environment introduction:

The natural world and the elements that affect it, such as the air, water, soil, and living things, are referred to as the environment.

Environmental and social interactions:

Due to habitat destruction, pollution of the air and water, and resource depletion caused by human activity, the environment is deteriorating and species is declining.

conserve natural resources

By balancing economic growth and environmental preservation, natural resources like forests, water, and wildlife can be managed and protected in a sustainable manner.

Environment protection and conservation

measures that decrease pollution, conserve natural resources, and support sustainable practises in order to lessen the negative effects of human activity on the environment.

Definition of green economy

an economic system that supports environmental preservation and sustainable growth by developing renewable energy sources, cutting waste, and reducing pollution.

Importance of green economy

promotes environmentally friendly behaviours and lowers pollution and waste in order to protect the ecosystem.
encourages economic expansion and employment creation in sustainable agriculture and renewable energy.
encourages resource efficiency, which lowers expenses and boosts productivity.
reduces greenhouse gas emissions and encourages the use of renewable energy sources, which assists in reducing the impacts of climate change.

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