Electoral Politics Class 9 Questions Answers – The NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Civics Chapter 3 Electoral Politics offer answers to the exercise questions to aid students in their CBSE exam preparation. Consulting these NCERT Solutions, crafted by experienced subject specialists, can greatly benefit Class 9 students. The answers are tailored specifically for students of this class and can be used as a reference for the Social Science exam.
Electoral Politics Class 9 Questions Answers
1. Which of the following statements about the reasons for conducting elections are false?Show Answer ⟶
a. Elections enable people to judge the performance of the government.
b. People select the representative of their choice in an election.
c. Elections enable people to evaluate the performance of the judiciary.
d. People can indicate which policies they prefer.
2. Which of these is not a good reason to say that Indian elections are democratic?Show Answer ⟶
a. India has the largest number of voters in the world.
b. India’s Election Commission is very powerful.
c. In India, everyone above the age of 18 has a right to vote.
d. In India, the losing parties accept the electoral verdict.
3. Match the following:
|(a) It is necessary to keep the voters’ list up to date because||(i) there is a fair representation of all sections of our society|
|(b) Some constituencies are reserved for SCs and STs so that||(ii) everyone has equal opportunity to elect their representatives|
|(c) Everyone has one and only one vote so that||(iii) all candidates must have a fair chance of competing in elections|
|(d) Party in power is not allowed to use government vehicles because||(iv) some people may have moved away from the area where they voted last|
|(a) It is necessary to keep the voters’ list up to date because||(iv) some people may have moved away from the area where they voted last|
|(b) Some constituencies are reserved for SCs and STs so that||(i) there is a fair representation of all sections of our society|
|(c) Everyone has one and only one vote so that||(ii) everyone has equal opportunity to elect their representatives|
|(d) Party in power is not allowed to use government vehicles because||(iii) all candidates must have a fair chance of competing in elections|
- Making of Voters’ List
- Announcing Election Schedule
- Releasing Election Manifesto
- Election Campaign
- Filing Nomination
- Casting of Votes
- Ordering of Re-poll
- Counting of Votes
- Declaration of Election Results
5. Surekha is an officer-in-charge of ensuring free and fair elections in an assembly constituency in a state. Describe what should she focus on for each of the following stages of election:
a. Election campaign
b. Polling day
c. Counting day
a. Maintain law and order
b. Monitor the use of physical and financial force
c. Monitor the campaign spending limits of candidates
d. Prevent discrimination based on religion, caste, or gender in the promotion of candidates.
a. Verify the voter list
b. Verify voter identification
c. Prevent illegal control of polling stations
d. Ensure that elections are conducted fairly and impartially.
a. Ensure fair vote counting practices
b. Prevent vote manipulation
6. The table below gives the proportion of different communities among the candidates who won elections to the US Congress. Compare these to the proportion of these communities in the population of the US. Based on this, would you suggest a system of reservations in the US Congress? If yes, why and for which communities? If no, why not?
|Communities||House of representatives||Population of US|
Answer – I believe that the United States Congress should have a system of reserved seats for Hispanic and Black representatives. The representation of these groups in Congress is currently lower than that of White Americans, who make up the majority of the population in the country. Such a system would help to ensure that the voices and perspectives of these minority groups are adequately represented in the legislative process.
7. Can we draw the following conclusions from the information given in this chapter? Give two facts to support your position for each of these.
a. Election Commission of India does not have enough powers to conduct free and fair elections in the country.
b. There is a high level of popular participation in the elections in our country.
c. It is very easy for the party in power to win an election.
d. Many reforms are needed to make our elections completely free and fair.
No. The given conclusion for the Election Commission cannot be drawn because:
- The Election Commission has established a code of conduct for elections and has the authority to penalize those who violate it.
- During elections, the election officer works under the jurisdiction of the Election Commission of India, rather than the government.
True, the following reasons support the conclusion:
- Voter turnout has increased significantly in recent years.
- There has been a rise in public participation in election-related activities.
False, the conclusion is not accurate because:
- The ruling party in an election may lose power in the next election.
- Despite significant campaign spending, candidates may still lose.
True, the conclusion is reasonable because:
- Reforms could make it easier for smaller parties to effectively participate in elections.
- Measures could be taken to prevent candidates with criminal charges from running in elections.
8. Chinappa was convicted of torturing his wife for dowry. Satbir was held guilty of practicing untouchability. The court did not allow either of them to contest elections. Does this decision go against the principles of democratic elections?
Answer – I agree that it was fair to disqualify Chinappa and Satbir from running in elections due to their criminal offenses. The rules of elections prohibit individuals with criminal records from participating in the electoral process. Therefore, the decision to not allow them to contest the elections was just and in accordance with the rules.
- In Nigeria, representatives of each party that has participated in the election should be present on the day of vote counting, similar to the practice in India.
- The election commission in Fiji should establish an inquiry committee and disqualify any party or candidate found to have engaged in negative campaigning.
- The United States should have a single Election Commission responsible for creating election rules for all states.
10. Here are some reports of malpractices in Indian elections. Identify what the problem in each case is. What should be done to correct the situation?
a. Following the announcement of elections, the minister promised to provide financial aid to reopen the closed sugar mill.
b. Opposition parties alleged that their statements and campaign were not given due attention in Doordarshan and All India Radio.
c. An inquiry by the Election Commission showed that electoral rolls of a state contain the name of 20 lakh fake voters.
d. The hoodlums of a political party were moving with guns, physically preventing supporters of other political parties to meet the voters and attacking meetings of other parties.
- The Election Commission should address the minister’s violation of the code of conduct by making promises during the election.
- The Election Commission should ensure that government-owned media provides equal coverage to all parties during elections.
- The Election Commission should call for new elections due to evidence of vote rigging through the use of fake votes.
- The Election Commission should disqualify the party for engaging in illegal activities such as the use of force and financial influence.
11. Ramesh was not in class when this chapter was being taught. He came the next day and repeated what he had heard from his father. Can you tell Ramesh what is wrong with these statements?
a. Women always vote the way men tell them to. So what is the point of giving them the right to vote?
b. Party politics creates tension in society. Elections should be decided by consensus, not by competition.
c. Only graduates should be allowed to stand as candidates for elections.
- In elections, individuals can cast their votes in secret, allowing women to freely choose their preferred party.
- Competition in elections drives candidates to work hard for the benefit of society and should be encouraged.
- A lack of formal education does not necessarily disqualify a candidate from understanding the needs of the community and therefore should not be a barrier to running for office.