Green Skills Class 11 Notes

Teachers and Examiners (CBSESkillEduction) collaborated to create the Green Skills Class 11 Notes. All the important Information are taken from the NCERT Textbook Employability Skills as per the board pattern.

Green Skills Class 11 Notes

green skills class 11 notes
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Only when the air, water, and food are clean can one lead a healthy life. This specifically indicates that health (environment) and riches are interdependent and that one cannot exist without the other.

Green Skills Class 11 Notes

What is Green Economy?

Collins’ English Dictionary defines Green Economy as Biological economy that is concerned with renewable energy, green buildings, clean transportation, water, waste and land management.

This would mean that we develop choices that support the economy without compromising the ecological concerns. A green economy is defined by the UNEP (United Nations Environment Program) as one that uses resources wisely and has low carbon emissions.

Green Skills Class 11 Notes

Components of Green Economy

Renewable Energy – Energy produced from renewable resources is referred to as renewable energy. Today, a stable supply of power is required due to the expanding demand for technology. We must support alternative energy sources like solar, wind, and wave energy in order to meet the demand.

Green Buildings – Green buildings use sustainable energy sources, decrease the waste of natural resources like water, and effectively manage their waste. They also use renewable energy during construction.

Green Transport – There are now alternatives to the traditional forms of transportation that once relied on gasoline or diesel thanks to technological advancements. The government of India recently pushed the use of compressed natural gas (CNG) to power automobiles.

Water Management – Many major cities throughout the world are experiencing an alarming situation as a result of the current disaster in Cape Town, often known as “Day Zero.” The world has suffered from the drought-like circumstances, but the economy has also been impacted. The only way to solve this issue is for our communities to implement Rain Water Harvesting Systems (RWHS) in order to lessen water waste and refill the ground water levels.

Waste Management – Any kind of waste will contribute to the contamination of the air, water, and land. Additionally, this results in resource waste. Environmental damage is a result of our need to always buy something new and throw away anything used. In light of this, it is important for us to practise the four Rs and one U: REFUSE, REDUCE, REUSE, RECYCLE, and UPCYCLE.

Green Skills Class 11 Notes

Policy Initiatives for Green Economy in India

These days, there is a lot of discussion in the nation concerning environmental deterioration and ecological imbalance. The Indian government has advocated and started a variety of measures to support sustainable growth in order to allay these worries. We’ll read a few of these policies now:


The Indian Parliament passed the Wildlife Protection Act in 1972 to save various plant and animal species. There were just five recognised national parks in India prior to 1972. The Act, among other changes, established lists of plant and animal species that were to be protected; hunting or harvesting these species was virtually forbidden. The Act covers matters related to, ancillary to, or incidental to the protection of wild animals, birds, and plants.


The Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act of 1974 is a comprehensive piece of legislation that governs the state and federal authorities in charge of monitoring water pollution as well as the scope of pollution control boards. In order to prevent and regulate water pollution in India, the Indian parliament passed the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. In order to remove any ambiguities and give the Pollution Control Board more authority, the legislation was revised in 1988.


A statutory organisation under the Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change is India’s Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) (Mo.E.F.C). The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act of 1974 allowed for its establishment. The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act of 1981 also gives the CPCB authority and responsibilities.


The purpose of this Act is to regulate foreign vessel fishing in specific Indian maritime zones and to address related issues.

Green Skills Class 11 Notes


The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 is a law passed by the Indian Parliament to address concerns related to, ancillary to, or incidental to the conservation of forests. In 1988, it underwent another change. [1] The entirety of India is covered under this statute. To prevent future clearing of India’s forests, the Indian Parliament passed it. On October 25, 1980, the law went into effect.


The Environment Protection Act of 1986 was passed by the Indian Parliament. The Environment Protection Act of 1986 was passed by the Indian government in accordance with Article 253 of the Constitution in the wake of the Bhopal Tragedy. It was passed in March 1986 and went into effect on November 19, 1986. The Act’s goal is to put the decisions of the UN Conference on the Human Environment into practise.

Green Skills Class 11 Notes


The fundamental goal of the National Forest Policy of 1988 is to maintain ecological balance, especially atmospheric equilibrium, which is essential for the survival of all life forms, including human, animal, and plant life.


In order to impose strict accountability for harm resulting from incidents caused by the handling of hazardous substances, the Central Government established the National Environment Tribunal in 1995 (via the National Environmental Tribunal Act 1995).


The National Green Tribunal was established on October 18, 2010, in accordance with the National Green Tribunal Act 2010, to effectively and promptly handle cases involving environmental protection, the conservation of forests, and other natural resources, as well as the enforcement of any environmental legal rights and the provision of relief and compensation for damages to persons and property, as well as for matters related to or incidental to those cases.


The increased commitment of the international community to sustainable development served as the impetus for the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). It symbolised progress in the preservation of biological diversity, the judicious and equitable distribution of the advantages brought about by the exploitation of genetic resources, and the sustainable usage of its constituent parts. Following an extensive consultation process spanning eight years, India passed the Biological Diversity Act in 2002 in accordance with the convention on biological diversity (CBD), to which it was a signatory. Following that, in 2004, the Biological Diversity Rules were announced.


The Ministry of Water Resources of the Government of India develops a National Water Policy to direct the development and planning of water resources as well as their best use. In September 1987, the first National Water Policy was enacted. In 2002 and subsequently in 2012, it was reviewed and revised.

Green Skills Class 11 Notes

Stakeholders in Green Economy and Their Role


Government plays an important role in any economy. Similar to this, the government of a country’s push for the need to green the economy may be seen in the green economy. Planning, budgeting, and putting plans into action involve all branches of the government in some capacity. Being involved at every level is crucial in our country’s framework of multi-level government, so everyone is a stakeholder, whether it be the federal, state, or local businesses.

The Private Agencies

Private organisations play an essential influence in shaping the policies.
The economy will be severely impacted if the policies are set but the private agencies don’t carry them out as intended. The private organisations play a dual role. These are the people who make policies, but they are also the ones who are impacted by even the smallest adjustments.

The People

The nation’s citizens are the final but most crucial stakeholder in a green economy. Any economy would not exist without its population. The success of the numerous policies the government implements depends on how well the public accepts the changes. The policy will inevitably fail if it has a detrimental impact on the populace. Therefore, it is important for the government to consider both the demographics and the interests of its citizens when formulating policy.

Employability Skills Class 11 Notes

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