French Revolution Class 9 Notes

Teachers and Examiners (CBSESkillEduction) collaborated to create the French Revolution Class 9 Notes. All the important Information are taken from the NCERT Textbook Social Science.

French Revolution Class 9 Notes

The French Revolution, which began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte. The fundamental goals of the French Revolution were to bring about equality, freedom, and democratic rights for all people.

On the morning of 14 July 1789, the city of Paris was in a state of alarm. The city of Paris was in fear in the early morning. There was a rumour that the King would start shooting at the people. As people gathered, they started destroying government buildings in search of weapons. People also protested against the high price of bread. A new chain of revelaution began which led to the execution of the king in France.

French Revolution Class 9 Notes

French Society During the Late Eighteenth Century

The French Society was divided into three estates –
(1) Clergy – The Clergy was the largest landowner.

(2) Nobility – The Nobles had monopoly on all the government posts, did not pay any taxes. They did not do any productive works.

(3) Estate – Third estate was made up of commoners including businesspeople, merchants, court officials, lawyers, minor peasants, artisans, labourers without access to property, servants, etc. Estate consists of two groups: urban and rural, which together make up more than 98% of France’s population.

French Revolution Class 9 Notes

The Struggle to Survive

France’s population increased from 23 million to 28 million between 1715 and 1789. The price of bread increased dramatically as a result of the inability of the production of food grains to keep up with the demand.

Growing Middle Class Envisages an End to Privileges

They were all educated people who thought that no group in society should have advantages due to birth. A person’s social standing should be determined by his or her merit. Philosophers like John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau advanced these concepts, which envisioned a society built on liberty and fair laws and opportunities for all.

The ideas of these philosophers were discussed intensively in salons and coffee-houses and spread among people through books and newspapers.

French Revolution Class 9 Notes

The Outbreak of the Revolution

Louis XVI became the king of France in 1774, In 1789, food shortages and economic crises led to the outbreak of the French Revolution., On 5 May 1789, Louis XVI called together an assembly of the Estates General to pass proposals for new taxes but it was unsucessfull and it evolved into a protest against the government of France.

Chronological order of French Revolution –

  1. 1774 : Louis XVI become the king
  2. 5th May 1789 : The king calls the Estates-General
  3. 20th June 1789 : Tennis Court Oath.
  4. 14th July 1789 : The razing of Bastille and the official declaration of the French Revolution.
  5. 1791 : The National Assembly completes the draft of the new constitution where France is regarded as a constitutional monarchy.
  6. 1792 : The National Convention declared France a Republic.
  7. 1793 – 1794 : The reign of Terror, Austria, Britain, the Netherlands, Prussia, and Spain are at war with France.
  8. 1794 : Robespierre is killed and the Directory system is introduce, a committee of five men.
  9. 1795 : National convention dessolved
  10. 1799 : Napoleon Bonaparte becomes the first consul and the French Revolution ends.

French Revolution Class 9 Notes

France Abolishes Monarchy and Becomes a Republic

The National Convention was established during the Insurrection of August 10, 1792, and was tasked with drafting a new constitution. It was elected by all eligible male voters. The Convention assumed de facto control of France on September 20 and announced a republican system of government the next day.

Women Revolution –

  • Women had an active role in the events that led to so many changes in French society right from the start.
  • The majority of third estate women had to work to support themselves.
  • Women earned less money than men.
  • Most women did not have access to education or job training.
  • They demanded the right to vote, to be elected to the Assembly and to hold political office.
  • They demanded equal compensation for comparable work.
  • Women created their own political clubs and journals to discuss and communicate their ideas.
  • The women struggle to have the same political rights as men.
  • Women in France were eventually granted the right to vote in 1946.

The Abolition of Slavery –

  • Slaves were transported triangularly between Europe, Africa, and America.
  • The slave trade began in the seventeenth century
  • Throughout the 18th century there was little criticism of slavery in France
  • No legislation was passed to forbid it.
  • Convention which in 1794 legislated to free all slaves in the French overseas possessions.
  • But after 10 years slavery was reintroduced by Napoleon.
  • Slavery was finally abolished in French colonies in 1848.

French Revolution Class 9 Notes

The Revolution and Everyday Life

  • The years 1789 in France saw many such changes in the lives of men, women and children.
  • One important law that came into effect soon after the storming of the Bastille in the summer of 1789 was the abolition of censorship.
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen proclaimed freedom of speech and expression to be a natural right.
  • Freedom of press meant opposing views of events could be expressed.
  • Newspapers, pamphlets, books and printed pictures flooded the towns of France from where they travelled rapidly into the countryside.
  • Freedom of the press also meant that opposing views of events could be expressed.
  • Plays, songs and festive processions attracted large numbers of people.


Napoleon Bonaparte proclaimed himself Emperor of France in 1804 and enacted numerous laws, including those that protected private property and used the decimal system to create a unified system of weights and measures. In 1815, Napoleon was defeated at Waterloo. The main legacies of the French Revolution were the concepts of liberty and democratic rights. People who had been colonised revised the concept of freedom to establish an independent nation-state.

French Revolution Class 9 Notes

Frequently Asked Question

Q. What is French Revolution notes class 9?
The French Revolution, which began in 1789 and came to a conclusion with Napoleon Bonaparte’s rise to power in the late 1790s, was a turning point in world history. French voters fundamentally changed their country’s political landscape during this time, collapsing centuries-old structures like the monarchy and the feudal system.

Q. What are the three important ideas of the French Revolution class 9?
Liberty, equality, and fraternity are the three guiding principles of the French Revolution.

Q. Who led the French Revolution?
A five-person Directory (Directoire) that was chosen by parliament would have executive authority. Royalists and Jacobins resisted the new government, but the army, now under the command of a young and accomplished general named Napoleon Bonaparte.

Q. What were the five main causes of the French Revolution?
The Estate System, Absolutism, concepts from the Enlightenment, food shortages, and the American Revolution can be boiled down to five key causes. The French Estate System was essentially a caste system that classified and ranked individuals according to their level of wealth and status.

Social Science Class 9 Notes

CBSE Class 9 History

Chapter 1: The French Revolution Class 9 Notes
Chapter 2: Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 Notes
Chapter 3: Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class 9 Notes
Chapter 4: Forest Society and Colonialism Class 9 Notes
Chapter 5: Pastoralists in the Modern World Class 9 Notes

CBSE Class 9 Geography

Chapter 1: India – Size and Location Class 9 Notes
Chapter 2: Physical Features of India Class 9 Notes
Chapter 3: Drainage Class 9 Notes
Chapter 4: Climate Class 9 Notes
Chapter 5: Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Class 9 Notes
Chapter 6: Population Class 9 Notes

CBSE Class 9 Political Science

Chapter 1 – What is Democracy Why Democracy Class 9 Notes
Chapter 2 – Constitutional Design Class 9 Notes
Chapter 3 – Electoral Politics Class 9 Notes
Chapter 4 – Working of Institutions Class 9 Notes
Chapter 5 – Democratic Rights Class 9 Notes

CBSE Class 9 Economics

Chapter 1: The Story of Village Palampur Class 9 Notes
Chapter 2: People as Resource Class 9 Notes
Chapter 3: Poverty as a Challenge Class 9 Notes
Chapter 4: Food Security in India Class 9 Notes

The CBSE Social Science Class 9 page on is a useful resource for students studying Geography, History, Political Science, and Economics. The page offers notes and other study materials that can help students prepare for exams, including the CBSE and other competitive exams. It is a good idea for students to regularly visit the page and stay up to date with the latest information and resources.