Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 6 Notes

Teachers and Examiners (CBSESkillEduction) collaborated to create the Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 6 Notes. All the important Information are taken from the NCERT Textbook Physical Education (048) class 11.

Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 6 Notes

Concept of Test

A test is a device or tool used to carry out a certain measurement. This instrument could be written, spoken, mechanical (like a treadmill), physiological, psychological, or in another way.

Measurement is the act of assessing. Usually this results in assigning a number to the character of whatever is assessed.

Evaluation is a statement of quality, goodness, merit, value, or worthiness about what has been assessed. Evaluation implies decision making.

Example 1: A physical education teacher records the 30 sit-ups that a student completes in 1 min and reports the score as Good. In this example, Test is Sit-ups, Measurement is 30 sit-ups and Evaluation is Good.

Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 6 Notes

Measurement & Evaluation in Physical Education & sports.

The terms test, measurement, evaluation, and assessment are occasionally used inter changeably, but most users make distinctions among them.

a. Test – The word “test” is typically seen as being the most specific of the three meanings because it refers to the tools, instrument, or group of questions used to measure an aspect, quality, or condition of a given person, thing, or event.

b. Measurement – Measurement includes both the quantitative style of evaluation and test results. For evaluation to take the quantitative form of numbers or scores, measurement is necessary.

c. Evaluation – Evaluation as professional judgement or as a method that enables one to decide whether something is valuable or desirable. As a result, measurement and evaluation are not the same.
The same measure (test score) may be obtained by two athletes, but due to the variety of evaluation criteria accessible in terms of norms and criterion measures, those criteria may be assessed differently.

Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 6 Notes

Scales of Measurement

Measurement numbers are composed of scales. There are four scales of measurement –

a. Nominal measurement scales – Nominal measuring scales are used to name, label, or represent categories of things. Nominal scales classify objects or persons into groups. such as the categorization of gender into male and female.

b. Ordinal scales – Ordinal scales rank or order objects. An ordinal number in measurement refers to a person or thing’s assigned rank. For example, in sports First, Second, and Third place,.

c. Interval scale – The interval scale is the measurement system that is most frequently used in physical education. Scales for measuring intervals are based on a continuum, where the space (or separation) between any two values is constant. The gaps are exactly equal to one another. 2, 4, 6, and 8 are spaced equally apart, for instance. The absolute value of 0 on this scale is not present.

d. Ratio scale – The ratio scale is the most complex, exact, and cutting-edge measurement scale. Because it has an absolute, meaningful zero, the ratio measurement scale sets itself apart from the interval measurement scale. For instance, if a person’s pulse is zero, that person is not alive. Something is said to be weightless if its weight is zero.

Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 6 Notes

Measurement & Evaluation in Physical Education & sports.

There are several ways, then, in which evaluation procedures aid the teacher:

  • They help in providing knowledge concerning students’ entry behaviors.
  • They help in setting, refining, and clarifying realistic goals for each student.
  • They help in evaluating the degree to which the objectives have been achieved.
  • They help in determining, evaluating, and refining the instructional techniques.

Classification of Tests in Physical Education and Sports.

There are four different types of testing in schools.
a. Diagnostic Test
b. Formative Test
c. Benchmark Test
d. Summative Test

a. Diagnostic Test – Diagnostic assessments include pre-assessment exams that provide an overview or diagnosis knowledge to screen students. A teacher can utilize diagnostic testing to ensure that a lesson on two-digit multiplication is effectively given to young students before beginning the lesson.

b. Formative Testing – Testing of this kind is done to determine how much the students have learned so far. It is employed during a lecture and intended to provide students with the chance to show that they have understood the subject. Continuous formative assessment is used to acquire input that both the teacher and the student can use.

c. Benchmark Testing – The Benchmarks should be used to assist professional conversation about how close a learner is to achieving a level and to track progress toward that level. Before going on to the next level, learners do not have to provide proof of mastering every area of their learning as outlined in the Benchmarks.

d. Summative Testing – Summative assessment gives information and feedback that summarizes the teaching and learning process. It occurs after the learning has been finished.

Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 6 Notes

Test administration guidelines in physical education and sports

Here are some recommendations for selecting the testing sequence.

a. Health Checks – When a person is fully rested, blood pressure and resting heart rate should always be checked first.

b. Anthropometry – Before taking your body’s composition measures, you shouldn’t exercise. This test should always come first and immediately follow any health examinations.

c. Flexibility – The flexibility tests should be scheduled early in the session before any activity, after a good warm-up, or after the speed tests, depending on whether the test protocol calls for one or not.

d. Speed / Power tests – Typically, power tests are conducted first, then tests of speed, agility, strength, and muscle endurance, and finally testing of cardiorespiratory capacity or repeat sprints. Any speed and power test should be followed by a complete warm-up. Before the sprint test, the vertical jump test can be done.

e. Muscle Strength – Always perform muscle strength (1-10RM) tests after the speed and power tests, but before muscle endurance tests.

f. Muscular Endurance – The ideal time interval between muscle strength and endurance testing is five minutes. You must give yourself plenty of time to recuperate between tests if you are doing many muscular strength and endurance tests in one session.

g. Aerobic Fitness – Numerous submaximal aerobic tests are based on a heart rate response and should be scheduled appropriately because they may be impacted by prior tests and the athlete’s mental state.

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