Teachers and Examiners (CBSESkillEduction) collaborated to create the Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 1 Notes. All the important Information are taken from the NCERT Textbook Physical Education (048) class 11.
Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 1 Notes
Concept, Aims & Objectives of Physical Education
Concept of Physical Education
Physical Education is a combination of two separate words, physical and education. The first word is physical which means related to body or bodily characteristics, that include physical strength, physical endurance, physical fitness, physical appearance and physical health. And, the second word is education which means preparation for life or systematic instruction and training.
AIM and Objective of Physical Education
AIM of Physical Education –
“The aim of Physical Education must be to make every child physically, mentally and emotionally fit and also to develop in him such personal and social qualities as will help him to live happily with others and build him up as a good citizen.”
Objectives of Physical Education –
a. Developed Healthy and Active Life Style – The benefits of physical education and how it supports an active and healthy lifestyle.
b. Develop interest in the discipline – The goal of physical education should be to develop a high level of individual interest and involvement in the subject by encouraging initiative, passion, and dedication.
c. Achieve Optimum Physical Fitness and Health – Physical education programmes should attempt to improve a person’s physical fitness and force them to exert themselves to their fullest potential.
d. Awareness of Movement – Through physical education, students can become proficient in basic movement techniques that enable the growth of more specialised skills like dancing.
e. Development of Organ Systems – The development of all organ systems, including the respiratory, circulatory, digestive, neurological, and muscular systems, is the goal of the physical education programme.
f. Neuro-muscular Co-ordination – The physical education curriculum should be designed in a way that promotes a healthier interaction between the neurological and muscular systems. This promotes coordination and balance between various bodily parts.
g. Emotional Development – On the sports field or in the life, peaple face a variety of situations where they must learn to control their emotions, including happiness, jealously, fear, loneliness, etc. They are emotionally balanced because of the Physical Education.
h. Social Development – Physical education encourages social growth because it gives students lots of chances to interact with others and live in groups, which enable students to adapt to various circumstances and form relationships.
i. Enjoyment and Satisfaction – A Physical Education Programme provides enjoyment and satisfaction through physical activity.
j. Development of Evaluative Skills – Participants can demonstrate knowledge and awareness of a variety of physical activities and evaluate their own and others’ performances with the aid of a well-designed physical education programme.
k. Optimum Sports Performance – Physical Education brings an individual to optimum sports performance level.
Changing Trends in Sports- playing surface, wearable gears and sports equipment, technological advancements –
Physical education has become more significant as a result of changing trends because it now emphasises the healthy development of the body and mind.
Watching a game at home is an entirely different experience because of all the extra field lines, instant replay, and technological advancements. Technology has altered not only how we watch sports on TV, but also how we participate in them.
In the last ten years, we’ve witnessed advancements in garment fabric, wearable technology, and ergonomic equipment, to name a few. The integration of smart gadgets and training-specific gear by customers is one of the major trends this year. Here’s a sample of what you may currently get in sporting goods stores –
Wearable Tech Integration
Wearable technology and smart watches are becoming more and more popular. By 2022, the wearable technology market is anticipated to generate $9 billion in sales. Sports equipment manufacturers are quickly catching on as more individuals than ever are donning smart items.
More treadmills and stationary cycles are now Bluetooth device compatible. Users may import information, such the average heart rate, and interpret workout statistics, like the number of calories burnt or the peak heart rate range, more precisely thanks to this connection. This type of exercise gear offers a more thorough, personalised reading for a better fitness experience.
Fitness manufacturers need to raise it up a level in order to compete with athleisure and more specialist fitness clothing. Although compression is nothing new, this year’s sporting wear is turning reactive. Thermoplastic and moisture-wicking textiles are used in reactive apparel. When a person’s body temperature varies, these fabrics change. For instance, textiles that drain away moisture detect when your body starts to get warm and damp. It responds and forces the perspiration outward to evaporate rather than absorbing it.
For use outside of competition, more amateur athletes are making investments in training-specific items. Athletes can train more effectively and target specific areas of their game with the use of training equipment.
Soccer players can practise headers without fear of harm by using lighter soccer balls, for instance. They can utilise a conventional ball on the pitch if they have mastered the technique. Other goods, such as an at-home batting cage net, make it simpler for everyone to practise in the backyard without shattering any windows, including tee-ball beginners and professional softball players. Athletes can focus on their skills and perform better on the field with the aid of specialised equipment.
Career Options in Physical Education
Physical Education is a fast-growing discipline in India. To educate individuals in the field of Physical Education numerous courses are offered by different educational institutions.
The National Council of Teacher Education (NCTE) has recognised the courses which prepare teachers of Physical Education for school system in India.
Physical Education for School
a. Diploma in Physical Education (D.P.Ed.) – This course prepares Physical Education Teachers for the elementary stage of school education i.e. for Classes I to VIII.
b. Bachelor of Physical Education (B.P.Ed) – This course is designed for preparing teachers of Physical Education for teaching theory papers in Classes VI to X and conducting Physical Education and Sports Activities for Classes XI-XII.
c. Master of Physical Education (M.P.Ed.) – It is meant for preparing Physical Education Teachers for Senior Secondary classes (i.e. XI-XII) as well as Assistant Professors/ Directors/ Sports Officers in Colleges/Universities and Teacher Educators in Colleges of Physical Education and University Departments of
Post Graduate Diploma Level Courses
- Post Graduate Diploma in Adventure Sports Administration
- Post Graduate Diploma in Disability Sports
- Post Graduate Diploma in Fitness Management
- Post Graduate Diploma in Sports Coaching
- Post Graduate Diploma in Sports Journalism
- Post Graduate Diploma in Sports Management
- Post Graduate Diploma in Sports Nutrition
- Post Graduate Diploma in Yoga Education
Bachelor Level Course
- Bachelor of Arts (Programme) Sports & Performance
- Bachelor of Physical Education & Sports
- Bachelor of Physical Education (Four Year Course after 12th)
- Bachelor of Science Exercise Physiology
- Bachelor of Science in Physical Education
- Bachelor of Science in Physical Education, Health Education and Sports Sciences
Master Level Courses
- M.B.A. in Sports Management
- M.Tech. in Sports Technology
- Master of Arts in Physical Education
- Master of Arts in Sport and Exercise Psychology
- Master of Arts in Yoga
- Master of Journalism and Mass Communication (Specialization – Sports Journalism)
- Master of Physical Education and Sports
- Master of Science in Exercise Physiology and Nutrition
- Master of Science in Physical Education
- Master of Science in Sports Biomechanics and Kinesiology
- Master of Science in Sports Coaching
- Master of Science in Sports Psychology and Sociology
- Master of Science in Yoga
Some of the Career Options in Physical Education are –
- Physical Education Teacher – After competing D.P.Ed., B.P.Ed. or M.P.Ed., one can be appointed as PET in a school or college.
- Sports Coordinator – For one to successfully function as a sports coordinator, physical education courses teach skills including arranging team activities, coaching and teaching responsibilities, and coordinating and supervising all parts of assigned leisure sports programmes.
- Professional Coach – After a Diploma in Sports Coaching, one can be appointed as a professional coach of a team or for individuals/athletes requiring a personal coach/trainer.
- Outdoor and Adventure Sports Educators – A person with a degree in any Physical Education course and interest in outdoor and adventure sports can educate others in the field.
- Sports Administrator – Supervision and Administrative skills are also taught in Physical Education courses. This enables the individual to work as a sports administrator.
- Event Manager of a Sports Club – An individual who has graduated with MBA in Sports Management can offer his/her services as an event manager at any sports club.
- Health and Fitness Club Manager – One can be appointed as health and fitness club manager after having a professional degree in Physical Education as well as an interest in the field.
- Sports Clothing & Equipment Designer – If one has zeal and interest in fashion designing then she/he can work as a sports clothing and equipment designer.
- Dietician and Nutritionist – After graduating with any Physical Education degree, an individual can choose the profession of a dietician and nutritionist also.
- Sports Goods Marketing – Sales and Marketing of sports goods is a fast-growing industry and one can choose this line after graduating in Physical Education.
- Yoga Trainer – Yoga has become popular both nationally and internationally, so one who is trained in yoga can provide her/his services to instruct groups/individuals through various levels and types of yoga.
- Fitness Trainer – One can work as a fitness trainer after completing any course in Physical Education.
- Physical Therapist – One can also work as a physical therapist after doing any physical education Programme.
- Sports Journalist – Some institutes offer a sports journalism course, so those who have graduated in this course can work as sports journalists.
The Khelo India programme was launched with the goal of reviving India’s grassroots sports culture, creating a solid foundation for all national sports, and elevating India to the status of a major athletic power.
Government of India, announced “KheloIndia – National Programme for Development of Sports” in the fiscal year 2017–2018 to encourage young talent and provide them with top-notch infrastructure and training facilities.
Vision of Khelo India
The Khelo India Program was established with the goal of advancing sports culture in India, particularly at the grassroots level, and achieving sporting excellence in the nation.
Mission of Khelo India
The Khelo India Program’s main objective is to give every Indian citizen a chance to participate in sports and use their athletic abilities, regardless of their age or gender disparities. This will ultimately promote the holistic development of every child and young person. Community growth, social integration, and gender equality will result from this. It will promote a healthy lifestyle, honour the nation, and open up business prospects.
Khelo India Programme has outlined twelve verticals namely
- Play Field Development – One-time funding of up to 50 Lakhs will be provided to States/UTs for developing, managing, equipping and maintaining playing field and sports infrastructure development and open spaces for public use by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Government of India.
- Community Coaching Development – A cascading methodology will be used to develop coaching infrastructure nationwide and provide community coaches.
- State Level Khelo India Centers – To make use of all sports resources, including unemployed coaches with training, other support workers, equipment, playing grounds, etc.
- Annual Sports Competitions – The Central Government will organize National level competitions, i.e., Khelo India National School Games and Khelo India National University Games.
- Talent Search and Development – Under this scheme players from 16 priority sports are selected at various levels of participation.
- Utilization and Creation/Upgradation of Sports Infrastructure – Majority of the schools, colleges and even Universities in the country lack proper playgrounds as well as sporting infrastructure.
- Support to National/Regional/State Sports Academies – Throughout the nation, sports academies both public and private are identified for need-based support. Financial aid is also provided to the identified academies for their operation and maintenance.
- Physical fitness of school children – Under Khelo India the component of physical fitness of school going children is given due emphasis. National Level Physical Fitness parameters will be developed for each region. An assessment kit which is easy to administer will be provided to each school to evaluate physical fitness of all students.
- Sports for Women – All the components of the Khelo India Scheme are gender neutral and afford equal opportunities to women for participating in sporting activities and development of sports.
- Promotion of sports amongst people with disabilities – Financial assistance will be provided to States/UTs and SAI for creation of specialist sports infrastructure for persons with special needs.
- Sports for peace and development – Under this vertical the Government of India provides a special package to J&K for enhancing sports facilities in the State.
- Promotion of rural and indigenous/tribal games – Under this Programme governments trives to focus on each and every aspect that will contribute to making sports more popular among the youth of the
Physical Education Class 11 Notes
- Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 1 Notes
- Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 2 Notes
- Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 3 Notes
- Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 4 Notes
- Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 5 Notes
- Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 6 Notes
- Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 7 Notes
- Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 8 Notes
- Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 9 Notes
- Training and Doping in Sports Class 11 Notes
Physical Education Class 11 Questions and Answers
- Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 1 Question Answers
- Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 2 Question Answers
- Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 3 Question Answers
- Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 4 Question Answers
- Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 5 Question Answers
- Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 6 Question Answers
- Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 7 Question Answers
- Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 8 Question Answers
- Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 9 Question Answers
- Training and Doping in Sports Class 11 Questions and Answers