Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 5 Notes

Teachers and Examiners (CBSESkillEduction) collaborated to create the Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 5 Notes. All the important Information are taken from the NCERT Textbook Physical Education (048) class 11.

Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 5 Notes

Meaning of Wellness

According to the WHO, “health” refers to a person’s overall physical, mental, and social well-being, not only the absence of disease. While the term “health” focuses on a person’s illness state and how that status affects them, “wellness” goes beyond the absence of disease. It involves much more than just good eating, exercise, and physical health.

Components of Wellness

There are seven components of wellness namely physical, emotional, mental, social, environmental, occupational, and spiritual which are interlinked with each other.

Physical Wellness – Physical well being refers to a person’s capacity to handle the demands of daily life and maintain good health. To keep the body in top shape, overall physical wellbeing promotes a balance between exercise, nutrition, and mental health.

Emotional Wellness – Self-care, relaxation, stress reduction, and the growth of inner strength are all influenced by emotional wellness. It is the capacity of a person to comprehend and regulate their emotions, accept their own frailties, and value the strength of others. It’s critical to pay attention to one’s emotions, both positive and bad, and to know how to deal with them.

Mental Wellness – The capacity to acquire, assess, and accept new ideas, as well as to develop creative thinking, have a sense of humor, and support a lifelong learning process, are all components of mental wellbeing, also known as intellectual wellness. Academic pursuits, participation in the arts and other cultures, volunteer work, and individual interests can all promote intellectual wellness.

Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 5 Notes

Social Wellness – It is the capacity of an individual to interact constructively with individuals of various cultures, ages, genders, and religions without reinforcing stereotypes.
The relationships a person may have and how they interact with others are referred to as social wellness.

Environmental Wellness – Respecting the environment and natural resources is referred to as environmental wellbeing. Environmental wellness motivates a person to lead a life that respects their environment and motivates them to take protective measures. It encourages a reverence for all of nature and the creatures that inhabit it.

Occupational Wellness – The ability to strike a balance between work and play, deal with professional stress, and develop relationships with coworkers is referred to as occupational wellness. It focuses on the person’s quest for a calling and entails examining numerous professional paths to see which one best suits.

Spiritual Wellness – Most people assume that spiritual wellness and religion are related, yet the essence of spiritual wellness is discovering the purpose and direction of life. Having a set of values, principles, morals, and beliefs that give life meaning, and employing those principles to guide your activities are all components of spiritual wellness.

Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 5 Notes

Importance of Wellness

To maintain health and achieve the highest level of wellbeing, wellness demands ongoing, mindful work. By balancing physical exercise, nutrition, and mental health, you can attain overall physical wellness and keep your body in peak shape.
Healthy lifestyle choices increase life expectancy, enhance quality of life, and promote overall well being.

Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 5 Notes

Importance of Wellness

Wellness Programme should be developed with an aim to provide health-related lifestyle education with required support and resources to achieve wellness.

Wellness makes the individual responsible for taking good decisions and adopting good practices and preventative measures for achieving optimum level of physical, emotional and social functioning.

Wellness Programmes enable an individual to understand health issues like chronic diseases, cancer, cardiovascular disease, STDs, obesity, nutrition, diabetes, injuries, and other lifestyle related diseases and enhance longevity and the quality of healthy life.

It promotes the behaviors which help maintain good health like quitting smoking, giving up alcohol abuse etc. and reducing social evils like violence, abuse, child labor, gender inequality, caste system etc. and adoption of positive values that result in an individual becoming a good citizen of the country.

It also enables an individual to maintain balance between work, personal life and health that results in efficient and consistent output and improves general health, and fitness through adopting regular physical activities.

It also helps to develop a healthy social environment where people share and solve personal and social problems, thus making the individual socially accessible and culturally sensitive.

Wellness components like physical, emotional, mental, social, environmental, occupational, and spiritual are highly inter connected and can help to make the environment disease and pollution free.

Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 5 Notes

Health and Physical Fitness

Physical activity can strengthen your bones and muscles, help you maintain a healthy weight, increase your ability to carry out daily tasks, and improve your cognitive health. Adults who spend less time sitting and engage in any level of moderate-to-vigorous exercise reap some health benefits.

Depending on their occupation or daily activities, each person’s physical condition is different from that of the other. A doctor’s job is to examine patients in the examination room, whereas a farmer toils away in the field. A sportsperson plays deftly on the court or field, similarly. But in order to meet the criterion of physical fitness, each of these people must be able to carry out their daily chores without feeling overly worn out and still have energy left over for leisure activities like taking a walk, playing table tennis or football, etc.

Definition – Fitness is the ability of an individual to lead a full and balanced life. It includes physical, mental, emotional, social and spiritual factors and capacity for their wholesome expression.

Physical Education Class 11 Chapter 5 Notes

Type of Physical Fitness

Health-related Fitness – Muscular endurance, cardio respiratory endurance, flexibility, muscular strength, and body composition are the five facets of health-related physical fitness. These serve to lower the risk of hypokinetic disorders and are closely associated with good health.

Skill-related Fitness – There are six elements of skill-related fitness: agility, balance, coordination, response time, power, and speed. These have a connection to performance. A person who has attained a high degree of motor skills, which are necessary in sports and for some vocations, is able to acquire good skill-related fitness.

Traditional Sports

Every state in India has its own traditional sports to practice because of its diverse and distinctive culture. Traditional sports like Kushti, The Indian Wrestling, Vallamkali, Jallikattu, and others have gained popularity in India. India is renowned for having a diverse range of customs and cultures. Mallakhamb, commonly known as the pole dance of India, is one of the country’s oldest sports and is also one of its most challenging. In India, there are a few well-known villages where sports are also very adventurous. Here are a handful of India’s most popular traditional sports.

Kabaddi – One of the most well-liked sports in India is played both in small towns and in rural areas. The Indian game of Kabaddi takes both strength and talent to play. It is a straightforward, affordable game that doesn’t need any special tools to play. All around the nation, Kabaddi competitions are often hosted.

Kho-Kho – One of the most well-liked traditional sports in India is kho-kho. Kho Kho is an easy-to-learn “run and touch” game that people of all ages can enjoy. It only need abilities to play; good physical fitness is not necessary.

Kushti – The ideal sport to play and keep your body in shape is Indian wrestling. To become a wrestler, one must adhere to a set of regulations. The wrestler must maintain great discipline and a stringent diet. Famous Indian wrestler Sushil Kumar won the Bijing and London Olympics and is the 66 kg freestyle wrestling world champion for India.

Mallakhamb – A gymnast performs positions and feats while hanging from a vertical wooden pole or rope in the traditional Indian sport known as mallakhamb. The Phalwan or Indian wrestlers also use it as a kind of workout to maintain a high level of fitness. One of the most beautiful Indian sports is this.

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