Psychology and Sports Class 12 Notes

Teachers and Examiners (CBSESkillEduction) collaborated to create the Psychology and Sports Class 12 Notes. All the important Information are taken from the NCERT Textbook Physical Education (048) class 12.

Psychology and Sports Class 12 Notes

Personality Definitions

The specific pattern of behaviour and qualities that a person or athlete shows is known as their personality. Some psychologists contend that personality influences whether an athlete succeeds or fails on the field of play.

Personality has a significant impact on sport, affecting both the activity an athlete chooses to engage in and their subsequent performance. Confidence is a key factor in how personality affects sports performances; an athlete who has self-confidence is more likely to succeed than one who without it.

Psychology and Sports Class 12 Notes

Personality Types

The psychological classification of various types of persons is referred to as personality type. The varied degrees of personality traits are separated from personality types. Regarding personality types, there are numerous theories, and each theory has a number of, often many, sub theories.

Jung Classification – According to Carl Gustav Jung, there are three types of personalities: ambiverts, extroverts, and introverts. Below is a description of them:

Ambiverts – Very few people are entirely introverted or entirely outgoing. Due to their combination of introverted and extroverted traits, the remaining majority of people are referred to as ambiverts.

Extroverts – are courteous, extroverted, chatty, and sociable by nature. They like interacting with people. They are courageous, motivating, and kind. They could be called “happy, go, fortunate” individuals. In the now rather than the future, they are more interested. They don’t hesitate to express their opinions. They express their feelings in public. They quickly come to judgments and act on them.

Introverts – People who are introverts have characteristics including shyness, social isolation, and a desire to communicate less. These characteristics make them more likely to be self-centered and hinder their ability to swiftly adjust to social situations. They are very pragmatic, steadfast in their convictions, and future-oriented.

Big Five Theory – The “Big 5” personality qualities are the five basic dimensions of personality, according to many modern personality psychologists. Extraversion (sometimes known as extroversion), agreeableness, openness, conscientiousness, and neuroticism are the five main personality qualities.

EXTRAVERSION – Extraversion is a personality trait that varies from being enthusiastic, energetic, full of positive emotions, chatty, and forceful at one extreme to being reserved, sober, and cautious at the other.

CONSCIENTIOUSNESS – Conscientiousness refers to well-organised, careful, responsible, hardworking and dependable individuals at one end to being relaxed and easy going, spontaneous, disorganized and careless.

AGREABLENESS – Agreeableness is a reflection of a person’s tendency to establish and maintain nonaggressive relationships. People that score well on this feature are more dependable, honest, charitable, submissive, humble, and tender-hearted.

NEUROTICISM – The tendency to feel unpleasant emotions including rage, anxiety, self-consciousness, irritability, emotional instability, and despair is known as neuroticism.

OPENNESS – An open person is one who constantly tries new things. They order a different dish each time you go out to dine just to find out. They constantly network and have very liberal societal views.

Psychology and Sports Class 12 Notes

Aggressions in Sports

Aggression is a trait that can affect performance in a variety of ways, both positively and negatively. According to the definition of aggression, it is “any behaviour intended to hurt or injure another living being who is driven to avoid such treatment.”

Type of Aggressions in Sports

In the Sports Aggression is divided into two types – 

  1. Hostile aggression – The primary goal of hostile aggression is to harm or injure your opponent.
  2. Instrumental aggression – When using aggressiveness to achieve a certain objective, this is known as instrumental aggression.

Psychology and Sports Class 12 Notes

Psychological Attributes in Sports

Sport psychologists can assist athletes: improve efficiency. The topics that are frequently covered in sports psychology include Self Esteem, Mental Imagery, Self Talk, and Goal Setting.

Self Esteem – The amount of value and competence we place in ourselves determines our level of self esteem. By having a good perception of our bodies and the physical talents and abilities we develop, we can improve our self-esteem through sport.

Mental Imagery – An athlete uses mental imaging when they visualise oneself in a setting and engaging in a certain activity .

Self Talk – The verbalization or words that athletes repeat to themselves before or during performing a skill are referred to as self-talk. By using these methods, you can enhance your focus and slow down your brain, allowing it to allocate more “power” to the current work at hand.

Goal Setting – One of the most important abilities to impart on athletes in order to assist them improve their performance is goal planning. They may be able to better maintain their attention on what matters while also feeling in charge and moving in the right path. Athletes can develop confidence and self-belief by setting SMART goals.

Physical Education Class 12 Notes and Syllabus

Physical Education Class 12 Questions Answers and Syllabus

Physical Education Class 12 Notes 

Physical Education Class 12 Questions and Answers

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