Teachers and Examiners (CBSESkillEduction) collaborated to create the Physical Education Class 12 Chapter 2 Question Answers. All the important Information are taken from the NCERT Textbook Physical Education (048) class 12.
Physical Education Class 12 Chapter 2 Question Answers
1. An activity that is NOT an example of gross motor skills is
c. throwing a ball
2. An activity that is NOT an example of fine motor skills is
a. using cutlery
b. riding a bike
c. building a toy tower
3. Minimum duration of activity should be _ per week at vigorous intensity in adults above 65 years of age.
a. 75 minutes
b. 150 minutes
c. 300 minutes
d. 450 minutes
4. Rate at which the activity is being performed is known as _
c. Type of Activity
5. Deformity of the legs is known as
c. Knock knees
6. Lordosis is a problem of the
a. Lower Back
b. Middle Back
c. Upper Back
7. Scoliosis is a postural deformity related to
8. Kyphosis is a deformity found in
b. Lumber region
d. Thoracic region
9. Karnam Malleswari won a bronze medal in Olympic Games at
a. Rio De Janeiro
10. Sakshi Malik won a medal in
11. Frequent menstruation is known as:
12. If the menstruation cycle does not begin at puberty, the condition is called
a. Primary amenorrhea
b. Secondary amenorrhea
13. Weakening of bones due to loss of bone density and improper bone formation is
b. Anorexia Nervosa
14. What is the cause of Osteoporosis in women?
a. High blood pressure
c. Excessive exercise
d. Lack of calcium and vitamin D
15. Female athlete triad is a syndrome characterized by
c. Eating disorder
d. All of the above
16. In which type of Anorexia does an individual lose weight by taking laxatives or diuretics
a. Bulimia Nervosa
b. Purging type
c. Restricting type
d. Anorexia Nervosa
17. Define Motor Development.
Answer – The physical development and strengthening of a child’s bones, muscles, and capacity to move about and feel his or her environment is known as motor development. There are two types of motor development in children: fine motor and gross motor.
18. Briefly describe the domains of motor development.
Answer – The improvement in a child’s capacity to utilise their bodies and physical skills is referred to as motor development, which is a component of physical development. Gross motor development and fine motor development are two categories of motor development. youngsters should be active in order to develop both little and large muscles and to burn off the calories they consume.
19. Describe any one factor that affects motor development.
Answer – The factor that affects motor development are –
a. Heredity – Genetic factors have a significant role in how the body’s muscles develop. From their parents, children inherit developmental genetic features. Height, weight, muscular mass, etc. are all included.
b. Environment – Provide secure and encouraging environment to the child.
20. List down the major factors affecting motor development.
Answer – The major factors affecting motor development are –
21. Explain factors affecting motor development.
Answer – Motor development is influenced by a child’s growth, environment, genetics, muscle tone, and sex.
22. Write down Physical activities exercise guideline for under 5 of age.
Answer – The physical activities under 5 years are –
b. Jump forward
23. Briefly tell about physical activities exercises guideline for above 65 of age.
Answer – Every week, senior citizen should engage in at least 2.5 hours of moderate aerobic activity (such brisk walking). On the majority of days of the week, that comes out to around 30 minutes. Alternatively, you should engage in 1 hour and 15 minutes of intense exercise per week (like jogging).
24. Describe Physical activities exercise guideline for all groups.
Answer – 75 minutes of intense activity or 150 minutes of moderate activity per week are the minimum requirements. Every day, or every other day, should include some form of exercise. Reduce the amount of time you spend lying down or sitting still, and mix up long periods of inactivity with occasional movement.
25. What is meant by Round Shoulders? Mention a few exercises to correct it.
Answer – Postural malformation known as “round shoulders” causes the shoulders to round out and occasionally appear to be bent forward. For the treatment of round shoulders, the following exercises should be done: Keep your finger tips on your shoulders while clockwise and counterclockwise encircling your elbows.
26. What is the Lordosis? Write in brief.
Answer – The lower back’s (lumbar) natural curve is known as lordosis. When the lower spine has a severe bend, the abdomen (the stomach area) sticks out and the pelvis (the hip areas) curves back and upward.
27. Write in brief the causes and symptoms of Knock Knees.
Answer – People of all ages may experience knock knee, also known as “knock-knee deformity,” which is an improper alignment around the knee. The uneven stress it applies to the knees over time can result in discomfort, joint degeneration, and early-onset knee arthritis.
28. Explain corrective measures for Flatfoot.
Answer – Strengthening the foot muscles, which support the arch, can help correct flat feet. It is recommended to Walk on sand or Walking on wooden staircase.
29. Explain any five postural deformities with their corrective measures.
Answer – Postural irregularities include knock knees, bow legs, flat feet, scoliosis, lordosis, and kyphosis. The common postural deviations are listed below. Meaning of knock knees: Genu Velgum, often known as knock knees, is a postural malformation in which the knees strike one another while sprinting or walking.
30. Describe corrective measures of some common spinal postural deformities.
Answer – With the use of various physical exercises and programmes, these malformations can be fixed. As an illustration, the person must first become conscious while sitting, standing, or moving around in order to rectify kyphosis. Second, he needs to engage in regular exercise to rotate and extend his shoulders back.
31. Write a short note on benefits of participation in sports.
Answer – The amount of cholesterol and fat in the body is decreased by exercise. This occurs as a result of the blood vessel walls’ increased flexibility. Because of the physical effort involved in sports, flexibility improves. Additionally, sports also helps to reduce blood sugar levels.
32. How has women’s participation in sports changed over the last two decades?
Answer – “Since 1972, there has been a 545% increase in the percentage of women playing college athletics and a 990% increase in the percentage of women playing high school sport, attributable to greater funding and institutional opportunities.”
33. Explain the various constraints faced by women in sports.
Answer – Girls and women around the world encounter special difficulties while trying to participate in sports. These difficulties are social, political, economic, personal, and practical. In Pakistan, a barrier is the absence of a secluded area where women can compete without being observed by men.
34. What is menstrual dysfunction? Write in brief.
Answer – Problems that interfere with a woman’s regular menstrual cycle are known as menstrual disorders. They include uncomfortable cramping throughout the period, unusually heavy bleeding, or no bleeding at all.
35. Explain the term Menarche.
Answer – The first menstrual period a female adolescent experiences is known as menarche. Menarche usually begins between the ages of 10 and 16, with a 12.4 year average age of start.
36. Write short note on Amenorrhea.
Answer – Amenorrhea, which is sometimes described as missing one or more menstrual periods, is the absence of menstruation. When a person is considered primary amenorrheic, they have not had their period by the age of 15.
37. Explain menstrual dysfunction.
Answer – Disorders of the menstrual cycle affect a woman’s regular menstrual cycle. They consist of uncomfortable menstrual cramps, unusually heavy bleeding, or no flow at all. Between the ages of adolescence and menopause, women start menstruating.
38. Explain eating disorder.
Answer – Eating disorders are significant conditions caused by persistent eating patterns that have an adverse effect on your health, your emotions, and your capacity to carry out essential life functions. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder are the three most prevalent eating disorders.
39. Write a short note on Bone Mineral density.
Answer – How much calcium and other minerals are present in a particular section of your bone is determined by a bone mineral density test. This test aids in the diagnosis of osteoporosis and forecasts your risk of bone fractures for your doctor.
40. What is Female Athlete Triad? Explain.
Answer – Female athletes are more likely to have the triad, particularly those who compete in activities that reward thinness, such as dancing, gymnastics, cheerleading, figure skating, distance running, and rowing.
Physical Education Class 12 Notes
- Management of Sporting Events Class 12 Notes
- Physical Education Class 12 Chapter 2 Notes
- Physical Education Class 12 Chapter 3 Notes
- Physical Education Class 12 Chapter 4 Notes
- Sports and Nutrition Class 12 Notes
- Test and Measurement in Sports Class 12 Notes
- Physiology and Injuries in Sports Class 12 Notes
- Biomechanics and Sports Class 12 Notes
- Psychology and Sports Class 12 Notes
- Training in Sports Class 12 Notes
Physical Education Class 12 Questions and Answers
- Physical Education Class 12 Chapter 1 MCQ Solutions
- Physical Education Class 12 Chapter 2 Question Answers
- Physical Education Class 12 Chapter 3 Question Answers
- Physical Education and Sports for CWSN Class 12 Questions and Answers
- Sports and Nutrition Class 12 Questions and Answers
- Physical Education Class 12 Chapter 6 Question Answers
- Physiology and Injuries in Sports Class 12 Questions and Answers
- Biomechanics and Sports Class 12 Questions and Answers
- Psychology and Sports Class 12 Questions and Answers
- Training in Sports Class 12 Questions and Answers