Physical Education Class 12 Chapter 4 Notes

Teachers and Examiners (CBSESkillEduction) collaborated to create the Physical Education Class 12 Chapter 4 Notes. All the important Information are taken from the NCERT Textbook Physical Education (048) class 12.

Physical Education Class 12 Chapter 4 Notes

Organizations promoting Disability Sports

Sport should inspire disabled people to seek out or regain contact with their surroundings so that they can be recognized as equal and respected citizens. The phrase “disability sport” describes sports that are specifically created for or played by those with disabilities. Adaptive sports are promoted by organizations like Special Olympics Bharat, Paralympics, and Deaflympics.

Special Olympics Bharat

The Special Olympics Bharat movement seeks to improve the lives of youngsters and adults with intellectual impairments and other mental health issues by using athletics as a catalyst. It was established in 1987 as Special Olympics India, and in 2001 its name was changed to Special Olympics Bharat.

Paralympic Games

The Paralympic Games are an international multi-sport competition for athletes with various types of disabilities, such as cerebral palsy, amputation, blindness, and mobility issues. Following the Olympic Games, the Paralympic Games are held every four years. The International Paralympic Committee is in charge of planning these competitions. In Sweden, the inaugural Winter Paralympics were held in 1976. The Winter Paralympic Games are held every four years.

Deaflympics Earlier

The Deaflympics are also known as the World Games for the Deaf. These are high-level competitions for deaf athletes that are sanctioned by the International Olympic Committee. The participants are signaled via flags or any other visual indicator. The International Committee of Sports for the Deaf has been in charge of organising these competitions since since the first one. The Deaflympics, which are the second-oldest multisport event in the world after the Olympics, are not only among the world’s fastest-growing sporting occasions.

Physical Education Class 12 Chapter 4 Notes

Advantages of Physical Activities for children with special needs

Physical activity is an essential component of a healthy lifestyle and can help kids at all developmental stages greatly. Children with special needs have less opportunity to engage in physical activity, which puts them at greater risk for problems related to inactivity. Children with special needs can benefit physically, emotionally, and socially from participating in regular physical activity. CWSN show improvements in their cardiovascular fitness, bone health, and strength as a result of frequent exercise. They also exhibit higher flexibility and better bone health.

Physical benefits – Scientific research on handicap groups has shown that engaging in sport and physical activity increases levels of wellbeing and physical health. Their participation in physical education and sports on a regular basis can aid in the development of their gross motor and fine motor skills, which may enhance their performance in general.

Mode of Recreation and Fun – CWSN frequently miss out on social activities, recreation and fun. Participation in extracurricular and sports activities can help them
overcome this obstacle, providing them with the ability to engage in social
interactions, make friends and initiate social skills.

Improved Emotional Health – It has been shown that a healthy lifestyle should include physical activity to reduce depression rates. CWSN frequently exhibit higher rates of emotional issues like depression. By enhancing mental health and wellness, regular exercise can be a life-changing benefit.

Physical Education Class 12 Chapter 4 Notes

Channelizing the Surplus Energy – Children with problems like ADHD exhibit hyperactivity, which, if controlled, can have good effects on cognition and positive behavior.

Psychological benefits – Regular exercise and involvement in sports are good for the body, but they are also good for the mind. By raising CWSN’s self-esteem, social awareness, and self-confidence—all of which are crucial for empowering their lives—physical activity enhances their overall mood and wellness.

Healthy lifestyle – Due to the associated higher chance of being inactive, CWSN are roughly twice as likely as other kids to be overweight or obese. Due to their condition, they engage in far less physical exercise and sports than their peers.

Behavioural Benefits – Physical education’s dynamic nature helps CWSN’s cognition and enables them to learn things that they might not learn in a regular classroom.

Increased Independence – Due to better daily living skills, participation in physical education and sports is a way to move towards more independence. An increase in physical exercise can give a person with a handicap more freedom and independence.

Physical Education Class 12 Chapter 4 Notes

Strategies to make Physical Activities assessable for children with special needs

Children of all abilities, including those with disabilities, benefit from physical activity participation. In fact, include children with disabilities in sports and recreational activities fosters inclusion, reduces deconditioning, improves physical performance, and improves general wellbeing.

Communication – Clear communication about the activity, the space, the resource person, or any changes to the activity should be made in advance. For doing various forms of physical activities, a number of different instructional methods, such as verbal, visual, and peer teaching, should be employed to give children the chance to engage in physical activity.

Space – People with physical disabilities should be able to access space at CWSN. The physical activity’s space should be restricted. Noise, heat, cold, floor texture, audience, etc. should all be avoided in the area where activities take place.

Equipment – Participation is discouraged by a lack of proper equipment and personnel trained to facilitate physical activity among children and teens with various degrees of competence.

Physical Education Class 12 Chapter 4 Notes

Graded Activities – Activities should be straightforward and centered on a single action in the early stages. From non-locomotor to locomotor to managed activities, there should be a progressive transition. The level of help for these tasks should be independent, verbal, and physical.

Social strategies – Let the youngster select a sport that they are interested in. When they enjoy the activity, children are more likely to be motivated. Encourage the special needs child to observe others at first. Let the kid observe people playing and enjoying themselves.

Psychological strategies – Children with disabilities need a lot of encouragement to engage in physical activity due to prior exclusion or restricted access. It all comes down to the cycle of conditioning: kids who keep active as they get older become physically more adept and stronger. The deconditioning cycle operates in a similar manner: for kids who don’t participate, the less they do, the less they can do.

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